With the increasing popularity of pothos varieties, the question arises about the characteristics of each one. Today I will tell you about two wonderful varieties.
The major difference between Pothos Pearls And Jade and Pothos Njoy is that Pothos Pearls And Jade leaves are 3 inches long whereas Pothos Njoy leaves are 2 inches long. Also, the Njoy Pothos has broad bands of green and white while the Pearls And Jade has small green spots scattered over the white or grayish part of the leaf in addition to the bands.
Let’s talk a little more about the leaves of these two varieties.
Njoy Pothos has leaves 2 inches (5 cm) long and 1.5 inches (4 cm) wide. The leaf tip is pointed and the spot where the leaf petiole is attached to the leaf is slightly incised into the leaf blade. All this makes the leaf heart-shaped.
Pearls And Jade Pothos also has heart-shaped leaves but they are 3 inches long (7.5 cm) and 1.5 inches wide (4 cm). This means that the leaves of this variety are more elongated and resemble elongated hearts because the leaf tip is also sharp.
As for color, Njoy Pothos has wide stripes or blocks of white and green that are chaotically intertwined but the border between them is clear. Usually, this variety is pure white and dark green, although sometimes the white can be a bit creamy.
Pearls And Jade Pothos, on the other hand, also has large whitish and green stripes, but the white part of the leaf very often has small green spots on it, making it even more irregular. The light part is rarely pure white, but more often light gray or even light yellow. The green color is bright green rather than dark.
Growth habit is almost indistinguishable in both varieties. They are climbing plants that use the trunk of a tree to move up. In nature, pothos can reach great lengths, but in the room, it rarely exceeds 1 to 2 feet in height.
The internodes of Pothos N Joy are 2 inches long, while those of Pothos Pearls And Jade are slightly longer at 3 inches.
If you want a tall plant, you need to use a pole of moss to support the plant.
You can easily control the height of the pothos by pruning. Use a sharp and sterile tool to do this. Try not to remove more than a third of the plant at a time.
Both Pothos NJOY and Pearls and Jade need the same soil. The best substrate for them is a fast-draining and loose substrate. But sandy soil that meets these qualities is not suitable for them. Water should not stagnate in the substrate but, at the same time, the soil should remain moist for some time.
To get such soil, mix a third of sterile compost with a third of good quality potting soil. Then add a third of the orchid bark and some perlite. That’s it, the substrate is ready; both varieties will thrive in it.
You can also use a ready-made soil mix for aroids. There are many good products on the market, choose the best one and plant the pothos.
Both plants need watering when the top 1-2 inches of soil is completely dry. Water the pothos with a considerable amount of water, the excess of which should come out through the bottom holes in the pot. Do not leave accumulated water in the saucer under the pot, but pour it out immediately after watering.
During the winter months, reduce watering to a minimum. It is better to let the soil dry out almost completely between waterings. This recommendation is since the plant sleeps in winter and does not need much water.
If you water any of the pothos too often, the root system can begin to rot. The external signs of root rot will be the yellowing and wilting of the leaves. There may be an unpleasant smell coming out of the pot.
To fix root rot you need to clean the roots of dirt and remove the rotten part. Next, wash the wounds with hydrogen peroxide and plant the pothos in fresh, sterile soil. Water it very moderately until you see the plant begin to grow.
Because of the large amount of chlorophyll-free tissue, both varieties need a lot of light. Otherwise, the amount of green may be greater than the white. In addition, the white color will not be bright but paler.
Provide pothos with 6-8 hours of indirect but very bright light. This can be achieved by placing the plant in an eastern, southern, or western room. It is best if the pothos is placed to the side of a window or at least 3 feet away from the window in the back of the room.
Avoid placing the pothos in direct sunlight as the leaves are sure to get sunburn.
In a northern room, the pothos may lack light so use artificial light to make up for this deficiency.
Temperature and humidity
For pothos to thrive, you need to provide an ambient temperature of 65 to 85°F (18°C to 29°C). If the temperature drops below 50°F (10°C), the plant may become temperature-stressed or even suffer cold damage. To avoid problems, do not place pothos near heating and cooling appliances. Also, eliminate all cold drafts in the house.
When it comes to humidity, pothos needs 60-70% humidity. Install an air moisture meter in the place where the pothos is growing to accurately measure the humidity. To increase the humidity, use a pebble tray or buy a humidifier. Also, make sure the room is well ventilated.
In nature, pothos gets all the necessary elements from soil rich in organic matter. In addition, the roots of this plant can expand freely gaining access to new sources of nutrition.
In potted cultivation, large amounts of nutrient-rich soil are not available to the plant, so you need to feed the pothos regularly. A better fertilizer is liquid aroid or orchid fertilizer. Put it in once every 1.5 to 2 months during the growing season. Avoid fertilizing in the second half of the fall and winter.
If you fertilize pothos too often, the plant can get burned from too much salt and the leaves will turn brown. For this reason, do not fertilize pothos more than once a month. If over-fertilization occurs, repot it in fresh soil.
If you don’t transplant pothos for a long time, the roots may lack space and become intertwined. As a result, the plant will stunt growth and may lack nutrients. Symptoms will be yellowing of the leaves.
Every 1-2 years, repot the pothos in a larger pot. The new pot should be 1 to 2 inches larger than the previous pot. Avoid pots that are too large because a lot of excess soil around the roots can lead to root rot.
The best time to transplant is spring. Make sure the pot has at least 4 drainage holes.
If you grow any of these plants, you may encounter a pest problem. Most often pothos can be attacked by aphids, thrips, or spider mites. All of these can cause significant damage to the plant.
If you see insects on the leaves and stems of pothos, immediately spray it with a watery solution of horticultural oil. Some pests cannot be eliminated with garden oil so you need to use systemic pesticides. Acaricide works best against mites.
The next problem is fungal diseases that often infest the leaves. This causes brown spots to appear on the leaves, then they turn yellow and fall off.
To avoid the disease, don’t overwater the pothos and make sure it is well ventilated. If the disease occurs, spray the leaves with fungicide.