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Monstera Acuminata vs Adansonii: What Is The Difference?

The unique appearance of these two plants has made them highly popular as houseplants. Their striking, almost monstrous look clearly inspired the name of their genus.

The primary difference between Monstera Acuminata and Monstera Adansonii lies in their leaf appearance and growth habits. Monstera Acuminata has smaller, more elongated leaves with less pronounced holes, or fenestrations, compared to Monstera Adansonii. The leaves of Acuminata are typically narrower and have a more subtle texture.

On the other hand, Monstera Adansonii is known for its larger leaves with more dramatic fenestrations that often extend to the edge of the leaf. The growth pattern of Adansonii tends to be more vine-like and sprawling, making it a popular choice for hanging baskets or climbing supports.

Monstera Acuminata vs Monstera Adansonii

Monstera Acuminata and Monstera Adansonii

Monstera acuminata Monstera adansonii
USDA Hardiness zone 11-12 11-12
Mature height 7′ (2 m) 7′ (2 m)
Mature width 2′ (0.6 m) 2′ (0.6 m)
Growth rate medium medium
Light exposure indirect, bright indirect, bright
Soil well-drained well-drained
Soil pH 6.0-7.0 6.0-7.0
Watering 1-time per week 1-time per week
Diseases fungus fungus
Pests insects, mites insects, mites

Leaves

The most striking distinction between these two plants lies in their leaves. Variations in their shape, size, pattern, and other attributes set them apart, and these differences will be explored in detail in this chapter.

The leaves of Monstera adansonii are larger

Monstera adansonii boasts larger leaves compared to Monstera acuminata. While the leaves of acuminata are relatively smaller, ranging from 4 to 10 inches in length and 4 to 5 inches in width, with size varying based on the plant’s age, adansonii’s leaves present a more substantial size, growing up to 14 inches in length. Additionally, adansonii features somewhat longer leaf petioles, contributing to its overall larger appearance.

This implies that Monstera adansonii stands out more due to its larger leaves, making it a prominent choice for those who prefer bigger plants. Conversely, Monstera acuminata suits those who favor smaller-sized foliage.

Shape is different

Monstera acuminata is characterized by its oval-shaped leaves, which are proportionately wider, giving it a unique appearance. The leaf tips are more rounded and not sharply pointed.

Additionally, the leaves have a subtle inward curve along their length, adding to the plant’s visual appeal. Notably, acuminata has a greater number of fenestrations (holes), though they are smaller and arranged in a more random pattern, which is a distinctive feature of the Monstera genus.

In contrast, Monstera adansonii’s leaves are flatter, setting it apart from acuminata. Despite their larger size, these leaves also maintain an aesthetic charm. Adansonii typically has fewer holes than acuminata, but they are larger and often paired, creating a striking look.

Monstera acuminata smoother

Monstera acuminata is noted for its smooth leaf surface, which lends the plant a shinier appearance as it reflects light more effectively.

Conversely, Monstera adansonii’s leaves display irregularities and raised areas. These textural features are particularly prized among collectors, as they contribute to the plant’s unique and ‘monstrous’ aesthetic, adding to its appeal and value.

Color

The leaf coloration of Monstera adansonii and Monstera acuminata differs significantly. Monstera adansonii features the typical green leaves common to many plants, with slightly darker veins, but overall, its coloration doesn’t stand out much from other plants.

In contrast, Monstera acuminata boasts darker leaves, with the veins being even more pronounced in darkness. This gives acuminata a more striking and interesting color profile compared to its counterpart.

It’s important to note that leaf color can vary with different growing conditions. However, when grown under the same conditions, Monstera acuminata will generally appear noticeably darker than Monstera adansonii.

Growth Habit

Monstera Acuminata typically exhibits a climbing growth pattern. Its vines can extend and attach to surfaces with aerial roots, making it ideal for growing on moss poles or other supports. The Acuminata’s growth is somewhat moderate, and it maintains a more compact shape compared to some of its relatives.

Monstera Adansonii кnown for its more pronounced fenestrations, the Adansonii has a more vigorous and sprawling growth habit. This plant is often grown in hanging baskets due to its trailing vines, which can grow quite long.

Cultivars

Monstera adansonii’s standout feature is its variegated variety known as ‘Archipelago’, which boasts striking partially white leaves. The sharp contrast between white and green hues makes this plant exceptionally unique and visually appealing.

The ‘Archipelago’ variety is highly sought after and valued, with prices sometimes exceeding a thousand dollars. Finding this plant for sale can be quite challenging due to its rarity.

One significant factor in the high cost of the ‘Archipelago’ is the difficulty in propagating it. The only viable method is through cuttings, as other techniques are generally ineffective. Additionally, its slower growth rate, attributed to the reduced amount of chlorophyll in the leaves, further escalates its value.

Similarly, Monstera acuminata also has a variegated form, but it lacks the pronounced contrast and brightness seen in the ‘Archipelago’. Moreover, acquiring this variegated form of Monstera acuminata is almost as challenging, making it a rare find for collectors and enthusiasts.