There are never too many beautiful plants, especially when it comes to Hens And Chicks. There are a huge number of different colors, shapes, and sizes of this succulent. Variety size and color greatly affect their property multiply.
Under appropriate conditions, Hens And Chicks multiply very quickly and energetically. The larger the size and the more green pigment they have (Chlorophyll), the better the plants multiply.
They start to multiply in spring.
When spring comes, and the air temperature rises above + 50 ° F (+ 10 ° C), the sempervium wakes up and begins to grow. One or two months, the plant recovers from winter and grows new leaves. When the temperature rises to + 59-68 ° F(+ 15-20 ° C), new young plants begin to form around the mother plant.
This method of reproduction is called vegetative. In this way, the sempervivum spreads quite quickly. One mother plant can form around 10-15 daughter plants. However, the number of young plants depends on the variety and species of sempervium.
As I mentioned at the beginning of the article, varieties with green leaves reproduce more vigorously, although there are exceptions. Varieties with dark pigment are also fairly well distributed.
I noticed that if the plants have enough space, the large varieties do not form many daughter plants (3-5), but they are large and on long shoots that connect them. In this case, the distance between the plants is quite significant.
If there is little space, then the daughter plants are small in size and grow close to the mother plant. But this does not apply to dwarf varieties, which mainly include Sempervivum arachnoideum and Sempervivum globiferum. Varieties of these species form offsets near the mothers, and in the case of Sempervivum globiferum on top of the mother plant.
Depending on the species (variety) and growing conditions, Hens and Chicks can multiply up to three times a year. Although it usually happens 1-2 times.
Sempervivum needs space to multiply faster.
Let’s talk a little about how to speed up reproduction. The first thing you need is to give the sempervivum enough space. The more space they have, the larger they will be, and the faster they will cover the area.
The second is that Hans and Chicks need to be separated from time to time. If the daughter plants grow near the mother, then they will hardly give offsets. Therefore, to increase their number, you need to transplant them.
I recommend transplanting plants only when they reach at least 1 inch in diameter (2.5 cm). Dwarf varieties, I recommend transplanting bunches of several plants, so they will better survive the separation—plant sempervivum apart at a distance equal to the diameter of the adult rosette of this variety.
Transplant them in the second half of spring or late summer. Avoid transplanting in the summer heat and winter. If the weather is too sunny, shade the plants for 1-2 weeks after transplanting.
For faster reproduction, you should give them enough moisture. There is a lot of information that sempervivum is a drought-tolerant plant. Yes, this is true, but during a drought, they stagnate, and if they are not watered, then they will not multiply.
Water them only in drought, i.e., only in summer. If there was no rain during the week and the sun was shining brightly, then you should definitely water them. You do not need to water too much, just make the soil around the plant moist, and that will be enough.
The next thing that has a great effect on the increase in the number of Hans and Chicks is the sun. These plants love sunlight; they need at least 6 hours of direct sunlight daily. Otherwise, they will have an elongated shape, and their color will not be bright.
If there is too much light (12 hours or more), large varieties will feel good. However, dwarf sempervivums will suffer, to correct this, they can be watered a little more often, or the best solution is to transplant them to a place where they will receive sunlight for only half a day.
Feeding can stimulate sempervivum to reproduce faster. However, this is not always good. The fact is that these plants themselves produce enough vitamins and hormones that allow them to spread quickly. If you give more fertilizer, they will start to stretch and become weak. Therefore, fertilize these plants once a year with a small amount of fertilizer.
Soil also affects the growth rate, although not as previous factors. The best substrate for these plants is a mixture of ordinary earth and sand in a ratio of 1:1. You can also add a little peat, it will make the substrate lighter, and the plants will have a slightly brighter color.
You can grow Houseleek form seeds.
Seed propagation is another way in which sempervium captures new territories. With the help of wind, insects, and birds, the seeds of these plants can move long distances and germinate in new places.
In culture, this method is used mainly by hybridizers to obtain new varieties. In fact, if you do this and cross different varieties of sempervivum, you can get outstanding results.
However, it often happens that after flowering, the seeds are poured into the soil before you have time to remove the dry peduncles. As a result, next spring, there are seedlings that you did not sow. This often happens to me.
If your goal is to get more plants, then this method is also great. Hundreds, if not thousands of new plants, can be obtained from one peduncle, i.e., it is a much more productive method than vegetative propagation. However, there are some disadvantages, firstly, the fact that the seeds are poorly transmitted varietal characteristics, and secondly, it is a more time-consuming way.
Suppose you decide to sow sempervivum. After flowering, cut the stalks and place them in a plastic container. In this state, the seeds can be stored until spring.
In the spring, when the temperature rises above + 50 ° F (+ 10 ° C), you can start sowing. For this, you need a plastic container with a depth of at least 5-6 inches. At the bottom of the container should be drainage holes; it should also have a lid with ventilation holes.
Next, you need soil. I recommend using the purchased soil for seedlings; it is sterile and contains all the necessary elements. Pour the soil into the container three-quarters of its depth. Crush the stalks and pour them on top. It is not necessary to sprinkle seeds with soil.
Carefully water the seeds, it is best to do it with a sprayer. Cover the container with a lid and place it in the shade. In 10-15 days, seedlings will appear. The soil should always be slightly moist.
About a month after germination, you can remove the lid. Then you need to gradually accustom the dew to the sun.
In late summer or next year, the seedlings can be planted in a new place.
- Give the plants enough space, then they will multiply faster, and their size will be larger.
- Water in summer drought if it has not rained for more than 7-10 days. In cloudy weather, watering is not required.
- Plant the sempervivum so that it receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight. Large varieties need more sun than dwarfs.
- The preferred substrate is a mixture of ordinary soil with sand in a ratio of 1 to 1.
- Fertilize the plants no more than once a year with a small amount of fertilizer.
- Separate the daughter plants from the mother when they reach a size of 0.5-1 inch.
- Immediately after flowering, cut the peduncle at ground level. Leave the rhizome. After a while, new plants can form on it.